- Quaid-e-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on the 25th December, 1876. His father, Jinnah Poonjah, was a big merchant of Karachi. Though a very rich merchant, Mr. Poonjah wanted to give good education to his son and keep him away from business.
- Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah received his early education in Karachi and Bombay. He passed his Entrance Examination in 1891. In his school days he was very painstaking in his studies. He observed the rules of discipline. He was also very punctual in attendance. All these pointed to his future greatness. For his good qualities, he was very much loved by his teachers and fellow students.
- His father’s friend, Mr. Federick Croft, discovered signs of a great man in him. He advised his father to send him to England for higher studies. Accordingly Mr. Jinnah left for England in 1892. There he was admitted into the Lincoln’s Inn and obtained the degree of Bar-at-Law.
- Mr. Jinnah stayed in England for four years. He studied the ways of the English people. He was very much impressed to find that all of them, rich or poor, loved their motherland. There he came under the influence of a patriotic Indian, Dababhoy Nooroj.
- After having successfully finished his education, Mr. Jinnah returned to India in 1896. At that time his father’s business was not running well. So to earn money for the family, he started practice in Karachi. But he could not do well. He left Karachi and went to Bombay to try his luck there. Here, too, his practice was dull for three years. At last, he accepted the service as Third Presidency
- Magistrate of Bombay. But he was confident that he would do well as a lawyer. So he gave up the service after some time and joined the bar. This time fortune smiled on him. Within a short time he was recognized as a distinguished lawyer. His fame spread far and wide.
- In 1905, Mr. Jinnah came in close contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Mr. Gokhale was then the president of the Indian National Congress. Soon he became its most important leader. He was called the “Ambassador of Hindu Muslim Unity.” But he was disillusioned in 1930. For he then realized that the only object of the Congress was to establish Hindu rule in India. He, therefore,
- separated himself from the Congress. He devoted himself in organizing the Muslims. The Muslims were then at their lowest ebb-politically, socially and economically. His leadership kindled a new imagination among the frustrated Muslims. He created political consciousness among the Muslims of India. It was due to his guidance and leadership the Muslims regained their confidence.
- Each and every Muslim responded to his clarion call. And they, with one voice demanded a separate homeland for them.
- In 1940, the famous Pakistan Resolution was adopted. The struggle for Pakistanis a story of a continuous struggle against a host of obstacles and it was his guidance and leadership which provided for us a bulwark of strength at these difficult times.
- The creation of Pakistan was due to the untiring labor and zeal of Quaid-e-Azam. He won Pakistan by his irrefutable arguments. He is called the “Father of the Nation”. For like a father, he acquired a homeland for us. Though in shattered health, he had to accept the first Governor Generalship of Pakistan. He died in harness on the 11th September, 1948.
- Great Thoughts and Sayings of Quaid-e-Azam:
- “We can look to the future with robust confidence provided we do not relax and fritter away our energies in internal dissensions. There was never a greater need for discipline and unity in our ranks. It is only with united effort and faith in our destiny that we shall be able to translate the Pakistan of our dreams into reality”.
- “My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with grim determination and discipline worthy of a great nation.”
- “We are now all Pakistanis–not Baluchis, Pathans, Sindhis, Bengalis, and Punjabis and so on–and as Pakistanis we must feet behave and act, and we should be proud to be known as Pakistanis and nothing else.”
- “We should have a State in which we could live and breathe as free men and which we could develop according to our own lights and culture and where principles of Islamic social justice could find free play.”
- “Come forward as servants of Islam organize the people economically, socially, educationally and politically and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.”
- Quaid-e-Azam's Last Message:
- With a sense of great satisfaction at the completion of his mission, Jinnah told the nation in his last message on 14th August, 1948:
- “The foundations of your State have been laid and it is now for you to build and build as quickly and as well as you can”. In accomplishing the task he had taken upon himself on the morrow of Pakistan’s birth, Jinnah had worked himself to death.
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